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How to Copyright Your Music

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Copywriting your music is pretty simple, but things can get complicated if you have to enforce your rights

You may have heard that the only step you need to take to copyright your music is to simply record it. And that’s true as far as it goes. Here’s how the U.S. Copyright Office puts it in a very useful set of FAQs you’ll find here:

When is my work protected?
Your work is under copyright protection the moment it is created and fixed in a tangible form that it is perceptible either directly or with the aid of a machine or device.

Do I have to register with your office to be protected?
No. In general, registration is voluntary. Copyright exists from the moment the work is created. You will have to register, however, if you wish to bring a lawsuit for infringement of a U.S. work. See Circular 1, Copyright Basics, section “Copyright Registration.”

Why should I register my work if copyright protection is automatic?
Registration is recommended for a number of reasons. Many choose to register their works because they wish to have the facts of their copyright on the public record and have a certificate of registration. Registered works may be eligible for statutory damages and attorney's fees in successful litigation. Finally, if registration occurs within 5 years of publication, it is considered prima facie evidence in a court of law. See Circular 1, Copyright Basics, section “Copyright Registration” and Circular 38b, Highlights of Copyright Amendments Contained in the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA), on non-U.S. works.

So, putting it simply, recording your music is in effect a way of copyrighting your songs. But to be protected against ripoffs,your music needs to be registered with the Copyright Office. The process is relatively simple and costs $35 online. You can get all the details here.

Keep in mind though that obtaining a copyright is just one step in protecting your rights over your music. In order to control and protect other aspects including distribution via CD, downloads, streaming media, sheet music, etc. will require registering the music with performance rights organizations such as BMI or ASCAP. These steps are more complex than obtaining a copyright, and given the many ways in which music is distributed and broadcast these days, beyond the scope of this article.

Hal Leonard Hey That’s My Music

Hey That’s My Music is an essential guide for musicians that will guide you through the complex process of protecting and licensing your music.

At Musicians Friend you’ll find a large selection of books dealing with music industry topics including music rights and licensing.

Comments  

# B dub 2014-08-25 16:44
Can individual songs be protected if you copywrite a CD as a work
Reply
# joseph rubio 2014-08-24 11:06
I want the rights to the band CD family massacre taste of death of all songs I wrote
Reply
# Paul 2014-08-24 10:54
How do you expect folks to take you seriously when you misspell and misuse the most important word in the article in the very first sentence? "Copywriting" and "copyrighting" (to the extent the latter is even properly used as a verb) are completely different things.
Reply
# dylan 2014-08-26 12:44
In fact, I believe the first italicized sentence is a pun on the word copywrite. It's saying it's easy to advertise and distribute (copywrite) your music, but to enforce your writes (copyright) is more difficult.
Reply
# dylan 2014-08-26 12:45
*enforce your rights. Gosh darn it. Now that's just embarrassing.
Reply
# G Slaw 2014-08-24 13:23
You are a moron. Please research the term "copyright" and "copywriting" to see why you are in the wrong before calling someone out.
Reply
# hippyfish 2014-08-22 22:22
That's the US covered, but what about the rest of the world?
Reply

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